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November 2015

Understanding Cognition through Development: What Do Animals, Children, and Science Have in Common? – Seminars in Society & Neuroscience

November 2, 2015, 12:00 PM - 2:00 PM
Buell Hall, Maison Francaise, Columbia University
New York, NY 10027 United States
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Speakers: Kristin Andrews, PhD, Associate Professor of Philosophy, York University Peter Gordon, PhD, Associate Professor of Neuroscience and Education, Teachers College, Columbia University Diana Reiss, PhD, Professor of Psychology, Hunter College Moderator: Ann-Sophie Barwich, PhD, Presidential Scholar in Society and Neuroscience, Columbia University What is cognition? Inquiry about the architecture of the mind has been approached from different perspectives in neuroscience, psychology, cognitive science, and philosophy. Cognition involves a plethora of complex processes such as learning, inference-making, and anticipation. Comparative studies of animal behavior and…

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What Can Neuroscience Offer the Study of Creativity? – Seminars in Society & Neuroscience

November 23, 2015, 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM
Buell Hall, Maison Francaise, Columbia University
New York, NY 10027 United States
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Speakers: Rex Jung, PhD, Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery, University of New Mexico James Kaufman, PhD, Professor of Educational Psychology, University of Connecticut Colleen Thomas-Young, Associate Professor of Professional Practice in Dance, Barnard College Moderator: Andrew Goldman, PhD, Presidential Scholar in Society and Neuroscience, Columbia University Questions about creativity from artistic, sociological, psychological, biological, computational, philosophical, and other perspectives have long asked how people (and machines) generate ideas, solve problems, and create works of art.  Historical and anthropological studies teach us…

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December 2015

Difficult Decisions: The Complexities of Choice in the Real World – Seminars in Society and Neuroscience

December 14, 2015, 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM
Buell Hall, Maison Francaise, Columbia University
New York, NY 10027 United States
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Speakers: Alessandra Casella, PhD, Professor of Economics, Columbia University L. A. Paul, PhD, Professor of Philosophy, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Michael Platt, PhD, James S. Riepe University Professor in the Departments of Psychology, Neuroscience and Marketing, University of Pennsylvania Moderator: David Barack, PhD, Presidential Scholar in Society and Neuroscience, Columbia University In the Odyssey, Agamemnon faces the classic tragic choice: he must decide whether or not to sacrifice his daughter to the goddess Artemis so that she will…

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February 2016

The Perception of Time – Seminars in Society and Neuroscience

February 22, 2016, 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM
Buell Hall, Maison Francaise, Columbia University
New York, NY 10027 United States
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This seminar will explore the fields of neuroscience, psychology and economics to discuss what we know about how people and other animals are able to be aware of the passage of time, the relationship between time and memory, and the behavioral consequences of accuracy or inaccuracy in the perception of time.

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March 2016

Imag(in)ing Sex in the Brain

March 21, 2016, 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM
Buell Hall, Maison Francaise, Columbia University
New York, NY 10027 United States
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Feminist scholars from neuroscience, philosophy, and cultural & media studies discuss how sex/gender gets into brain images, and what we can (and can’t) get out of such images.

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April 2016

Prediction: How Forecasting and Prospection Shape Thought – Seminars in Society and Neuroscience

April 18, 2016, 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM
Buell Hall, Maison Francaise, Columbia University
New York, NY 10027 United States
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Speakers:
David Danks, Professor of Philosophy and Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University
Karl Friston, Wellcome Principal Research Fellow and Scientific Director, Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging; Professor of Neurology, University College London
Carol Krumhansl, Professor of Psychology, Cornell University
Moderator: Christopher Peacocke, Johnsonian Professor of Philosophy, Columbia University

Prediction plays a fundamental role in cognition. Accurate prediction allows humans and other animals to act in ways that anticipate future states of the environment, potentially reducing the threat posed by dangers and increasing the benefits of positive events. Prediction also permits cognitive systems to forecast what will happen beyond the next instant, or forecast what would happen were the world different. In the past two decades, theory and research has made central the importance of predictive coding in the computational foundations of both human perception and cognition and machine learning. In this seminar, the merits and pitfalls of this approach to understanding the brain and cognition will be explored.

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