The Transmission of Knowledge: Tool Use and Cognition
Videos from the event
- SPEAKER: Nicola Clayton, Professor of Comparative Cognition, Cambridge University
- SPEAKER: Alex Martin, Chief, Section on Cognitive Neuropsychology, Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health
- SPEAKER: Ian Tattersall, Curator Emeritus of Human Origins, Division of Anthropology and Professor Emeritus, Richard Gilder Graduate School, American Museum of Natural History
- PANEL DISCUSSION: Panel Discussion
December 12, 2016, Faculty House, Columbia University
Once thought the province of only the most intelligent primates — namely humans — a wide variety of species, including octopuses, birds, and bees are now known to make and use tools for their own goals. Not only do many species besides humans craft and use tools, some have been shown to pass on their knowledge as material culture, shared with other members of the species and younger generations. In this seminar, the speakers discuss preliminary insights into the neural mechanisms underlying the complex and often social activity that is tool use, as well as the manifestation and transmission of this knowledge. What is the importance of tools as a category of items that we can manipulate in the environment, and how have our brains evolved to process this type of information? Why have so many animals from across the evolutionary tree evolved the ability to use tools, as well as the cognitive capacity to learn from others?
Moderated by David Barack, Presidential Scholar in Society and Neuroscience, Columbia University.