Valerie Purdie-Greenaway is the director of the Laboratory of Intergroup Relations and the Social Mind (LIRSM). She is an associate professor in the Department of Psychology at Columbia University, core faculty for the Robert Wood Johnson Health & Society Scholars Program (RWJ Columbia-site), and research fellow at the Institute for Research on African-American Studies (IRAAS) at Columbia. She has been awarded grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Russell Sage Foundation, Spencer Foundation and William T. Grant Foundation. In 2013, Dr. Purdie-Greenaway was awarded the Columbia University RISE (Research Initiative in Science and Engineering) award for most innovative and cutting-edge research proposal titled, “Cells to Society” approach to reducing racial achievement gaps: Neuro-physiologic pathways involved in stereotype threat and social psychological interventions. Previously, Dr. Purdie-Greenaway served on the faculty in the Department of Psychology at Yale University. She completed her doctoral work in psychology at Stanford University and her undergraduate work at Columbia University, where she lettered in varsity basketball.
Valerie Purdie-Greenaway is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Steering Committee.
Stuart Firestein is the former Chair of Columbia University's Department of Biological Sciences where his laboratory studies the vertebrate olfactory system, possibly the best chemical detector on the face of the planet. Aside from its molecular detection capabilities, the olfactory system serves as a model for investigating general principles and mechanisms of signaling and perception in the brain. His laboratory seeks to answer that fundamental human question: How do I smell?
Dedicated to promoting the accessibility of science to a public audience, Firestein serves as an advisor for the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation’s program for the Public Understanding of Science. Recently he was awarded the 2011 Lenfest Distinguished Columbia Faculty Award for excellence in scholarship and teaching. He is a Fellow of the AAAS, an Alfred Sloan Fellow and a Guggenheim Fellow. At Columbia, he is on the Advisory boards of the Center for Science and Society (CSS) and the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience –both centers for interdisciplinary work between the sciences and the humanities. His book on the workings of science for a general audience called Ignorance, How it Drives Science was released by Oxford University Press in 2012. His new book, Failure: Why Science is So Successful, appeared in October 2015. They have been translated into 10 languages.
Sarah Woolley is a professor of psychology and former chair of the Department of Psychology at Columbia University. She directs the Communication Neuroscience Laboratory in the Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, co-directs the Center for Integrative Animal Behavior, and is a member of the Kavli Institute for Brain Science. Dr. Woolley’s research on the neuroscience of social communication focuses on songbirds to decipher the neural and behavioral mechanisms of auditory-vocal learning. Songbirds share with humans the extremely rare capacity to learn communication vocalizations from adult tutors during development. They serve as the principal animal model for understanding how the brain uses experience to develop vocal behaviors and auditory perceptual skills for social communication.
Rita Charon is a general internist and literary scholar who originated the field of narrative medicine. She is Professor and Chair of the Department of Medical Humanities and Ethics and Professor of Medicine at the Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians & Surgeons. She is also Executive Director of Columbia Narrative Medicine. Her research investigates narrative medicine training, reflective practice, health care justice, and health care team effectiveness and has been supported by the NIH, the NEH, and private foundations. She has authored, co-authored, or co-edited four books on narrative medicine. She lectures and teaches internationally on narrative medicine and is widely published in leading medical and literary journals.
Rebecca Jordan-Young is a sociomedical scientist whose research includes social epidemiology studies of HIV/AIDS, and evaluation of biological work on sex, gender and sexuality. Prior to joining the faculty at Barnard College, she was a Principal Investigator and Deputy Director of the Social Theory Core at the Center for Drug Use and HIV Research of the National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., and has been a Health Disparities Scholar sponsored by the National Institutes of Health. She teaches courses in science and technology studies, sexuality, gender theory, and HIV/AIDS. In the spring of 2008, Professor Young was a Visiting Scholar at the Cognitive Neuroscience Sector, International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste, Italy, and a featured speaker in the FEST Trieste International Science Media Fair.
Rebecca Jordan-Young is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Philip Kitcher received his B.A. from Cambridge University and his Ph.D. from Princeton. He has taught at several American Universities and is currently John Dewey Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University. He is the author of books on topics ranging from the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of biology, the growth of science, the role of science in society, naturalistic ethics, pragmatism, Wagner’s Ring, Joyce’s Finnegans Wake, and Mann’s Death in Venice. He has been President of the American Philosophical Association (Pacific Division) and Editor-in-Chief of Philosophy of Science. A Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, he was also the first recipient of the Prometheus Prize, awarded by the American Philosophical Association for work in expanding the frontiers of Science and Philosophy. He has been named a “Friend of Darwin” by the National Committee on Science Education and received a Lannan Foundation Notable Book Award for Living With Darwin. He has been a Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin, where he was partially supported by a prize from the Humboldt Foundation, and in the autumn of 2015 he was the Daimler Fellow at the American Academy in Berlin. His most recent books are Life After Faith: The Case for Secular Humanism (Yale University Press, 2014), and The Seasons Alter: How to Save our Planet in Six Acts, co-authored with Evelyn Fox Keller, (W.W. Norton, 2017). He is currently at work on a systematic version of Deweyan pragmatism, tentatively entitled Progress, Truth, and Values.
Philip Kitcher is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Peter Bearman is the Director of the Interdisciplinary Center for Innovative Theories and Empirics (INCITE), the Cole Professor of the Social Sciences, and Co-Director of the Health & Society Scholars Program at Columbia University. A recipient of the NIH Director's Pioneer Award in 2007, Bearman is currently investigating the social determinants of the autism epidemic. A specialist in network analysis, he co-designed the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. He has also conducted research in historical sociology, including Relations into Rhetorics: Local Elite Social Structure in Norfolk, England, 1540-1640 (Rutgers, 1993). He is the author of Doormen (University of Chicago Press, 2005). He is an editor of the Handbook of Analytical Sociology (Oxford University Press, 2009) and edits (with Peter Hedstrom) a series on analytical sociology at the Princeton University Press. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Science
Paul Sajda is Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Radiology (Physics) at Columbia University. He is also a Member of Columbia’s Data Science Institute. Sajda is interested in what happens in our brains when we make a rapid decision and, conversely, what processes and representations in our brains drive our underlying preferences and choices, particularly when we are under time pressure. His work in understanding the basic principles of rapid decision-making in the human brain relies on measuring human subject behavior simultaneously with cognitive and physiological state. Important in his approach is his use of machine learning and data analytics to fuse these measurements for predicting behavior and infer brain responses to stimuli. Sajda applies the basic principles he uncovers to construct real-time brain-computer interfaces that are aimed at improving interactions between humans and machines. He is also applying his methodology to understand how deficits in rapid decision-making may underlie and be diagnostic of many types of psychiatric diseases and mental illnesses.
Of particular interest to Sajda is how different areas in the human brain interact to change our arousal state and modulate our decision-making. Specifically, he is using simultaneous EEG and fMRI together with pupillometry to identify and track spatiotemporal interactions between the anterior cingulate cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and subcortical nuclei such as the locus coeruleus. He has found that the dynamics of these interactions are altered under stress, particularly when dealing with high-pressure decisions with critical performance boundaries. These findings are being transitioned to applications ranging from tracking pilot cognitive state while operating fighter aircraft to identifying biomarkers of healthy thought patterns in patients being treated for major depressive disorder and/or complicated grief. Sajda is a co-founder of several neurotechnology companies and works closely with a range of scientists and engineers, including neuroscientists, psychologists, computer scientists, and clinicians.
Sajda received a BS in electrical engineering from MIT in 1989 and an MSE and Ph.D. in bioengineering from the University of Pennsylvania, in 1992 and 1994, respectively. He is a fellow of the IEEE, AMBIE, and AAAS. He is also the Chair of the IEEE Brain Initiative.
Paul Sajda is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Paul S. Appelbaum, M.D. is the Elizabeth K. Dollard Professor of Psychiatry, Medicine, and Law, and Director, Division of Psychiatry, Law, and Ethics, Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University; a Research Psychiatrist at the NY State Psychiatric Institute; and an affiliated faculty member, Columbia Law School. He directs Columbia’s Center for Research on Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Psychiatric, Neurologic, and Behavioral Genetics, and heads the Clinical Research Ethics Core for Columbia’s Clinical and Translational Science Award program. He is the author of many articles and books on law and ethics in clinical practice and research, including four that were awarded the Manfred S. Guttmacher Award from the American Psychiatric Association and the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law.
Dr. Appelbaum is Past President of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), and of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. He has twice served as Chair of the APA Council on Psychiatry and Law, and of the APA Committee on Judicial Action, and now chairs the APA’s DSM Steering Committee. He was a member of the MacArthur Foundation Research Networks on Mental Health and the Law and on Mandatory Outpatient Treatment and is a Network Scholar for the Network on Neuroscience & Law. Dr. Appelbaum has received the APA’s Isaac Ray Award for "outstanding contributions to forensic psychiatry and the psychiatric aspects of jurisprudence," was the Fritz Redlich Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and has been elected to the National Academy of Medicine.
Dr. Appelbaum is a graduate of Columbia College, received his M.D. from Harvard Medical School, and completed his residency in psychiatry at the Massachusetts Mental Health Center/Harvard Medical School in Boston.
Pamela H. Smith (Chair) is Seth Low Professor of History at Columbia University and Founding Director of the Columbia Center for Science and Society. At Columbia, she teaches history of early modern Europe and the history of science. She is the author of The Business of Alchemy: Science and Culture in the Holy Roman Empire (Princeton 1994; 1995 Pfizer Prize), and The Body of the Artisan: Art and Experience in the Scientific Revolution (Chicago 2004; 2005 Leo Gershoy Prize). Her work on alchemy, artisans, and the making of vernacular and scientific knowledge has been supported by fellowships at the Wissenschafts-Kolleg, as a Guggenheim Fellow, a Getty Scholar, a Samuel Kress Fellow at the Center for the Advanced Study of the Visual Arts in Washington, DC, and by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Andrew Mellon Foundation, and the National Science Foundation.
Pamela H. Smith is Chair of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Steering Committee.
Nim Tottenham is a professor of psychology in the Department of Psychology at Columbia University and director of the Developmental Affective Neuroscience Laboratory. Her research examines brain development underlying emotional behavior in humans. Her research has highlighted fundamental changes in brain circuitry across development and the powerful role that early experiences, such as caregiving and stress, have on the construction of these circuits.
Nim Tottenham is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Michael Woodford is the John Bates Clark Professor of Political Economy at Columbia University. His first academic appointment was at Columbia in 1984, after which he held positions at the University of Chicago and Princeton University, before returning to Columbia in 2004. He received his A.B. from the University of Chicago, his J.D. from Yale Law School, and his Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has been a MacArthur Fellow and a Guggenheim Fellow, and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, as well as a Fellow of the Econometric Society, a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (Cambridge, Mass.), and a research fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (London). Woodford’s primary research interests are in macroeconomic theory and monetary policy.
Michael Shadlen is an Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Research Institute and Professor of Neuroscience at Columbia University. He is a member of the Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute and the Kavli Institute of Brain Science. Dr. Shadlen obtained his undergraduate and medical degrees at Brown University, his Ph.D. at UC Berkeley with Ralph Freeman. He trained in clinical neurology at Stanford University before returning to the lab as a postdoctoral fellow with William T. Newsome. He then joined the Department of Physiology & Biophysics at the University of Washington, where he remained until 2012. His research focuses primarily on the neural mechanisms that underlie decision making. He is also a neurologist and a jazz guitarist. He received the Alden Spencer Prize (2009), the Golden Brain (2012), and the Karl Spencer Lashley Award (2017). He was elected Fellow of the AAAS and he is a member of the National Academy of Medicine.
Michael Shadlen studies neurons in the association cortex that process information from the visual cortex to give rise to interpretations, decisions, and plans for behavior. His experiments combine electrophysiology, behavioral and computational methods to advance our knowledge of higher brain function.
Research in the Shadlen lab aims to elucidate neural mechanisms that support normal cognitive operations involved in decision making: (i) inference from evidence, (ii) the tradeoff between decision speed and accuracy, (iii) the assignment of confidence in a decision, and (iv) the capacity to combine and weigh evidence of varying degrees of reliability. Our emerging understanding of these mechanisms provides a window on wider aspects of higher brain function, such as reasoning, planning, strategizing and vacillating. Shadlen believes that such mechanisms hold the secret to what makes a normal brain “not confused.” Moreover, these same mechanisms are likely to constitute important “failure modes” that underlie a variety of cognitive disorders—that is, the translation of a diverse array of etiologies to the expression of cognitive dysfunction. Thus, he expects that in the not too distant future we may manipulate and restore these basic mechanisms to treat brain disorders affecting a wide range of higher cognitive functions affecting personality, ideation, volition, awareness and decision making.
Michael Shadlen is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Martin Picard is Herbert Irving Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology (in Behavioral Medicine) at Columbia University Irving Medical Center. Martin first trained in neuroimmunology and received a PhD in mitochondrial biology of aging in 2012 at McGill University, Canada. During his studies, he also trained in systems biology, integrative medicine, and psychosocial oncology, with the eventual goal to develop an interdisciplinary line of research that could help generate a holistic model for medical research and practice. Martin then completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania in the Center for Mitochondrial and Epigenomic Medicine with Doug Wallace. During this period, he also worked with Bruce McEwen at the Rockefeller University, and with Sir. Doug Turnbull at the Wellcome Center for Mitochondrial Research in Newcastle, UK. In 2015, he joined the Division of Behavioral Medicine as faculty at Columbia University.
Martin’s program of research in psychobiology now investigates the mechanisms by which mitochondria contribute to the maintenance of health and the development of age-related diseases. His interdisciplinary laboratory draws from knowledge in basic mitochondrial biology, social neuroscience, stress physiology, and mitochondrial medicine. He and his team explore conserved organizing principles of mitochondrial signaling allowing the psychological experience to be transduced into meaningful biological changes that underlie health and disease trajectories.
Mark Hansen joined Columbia Journalism School in July of 2012. He has held appointments in the Department of Statistics, the Department of Design Media Arts and the Department of Electrical Engineering at UCLA and was a Co-PI for the Center for Embedded Networked Sensing. Hansen works with data in an essentially journalistic practice, crafting stories through algorithm, computation, and visualization. In addition to his technical work, Hansen also has an active art practice involving the presentation of data for the public. His work with Ben Rubin at EAR Studio has been exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Whitney Museum, the Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, the London Science Museum, the Cartier Foundation in Paris, and the lobby of the New York Times building (permanent display) in Manhattan. Hansen holds a Ph.D. and MA in Statistics from the University of California, Berkeley and a BS in Applied Math from the University of California, Davis.
Mark Hansen is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Mark Dean is an associate professor in the Department of Economics at Columbia. He received his PhD in economics from New York University, where he was lucky enough to be advised by neuroscientists as well as economists. Subsequently, Mark has worked largely in the field of behavioral economics, using tools from decision theory and experimental economics to devise and conduct robust tests of behavioral economic models. His most recent work is in the area of 'rational inattention', which aims to understand how people allocate scarce cognitive resources when making economic choices. At Columbia, Mark is a member of the Cognition and Decision Lab (with Mike Woodford and Hassan Afrouzi) and is the associate director of the Columbia Experimental Laboratory in the Social Sciences.
Mark Dean is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Marguerite Holloway has written about science—including natural history, environmental issues, public health, physics, neuroscience and women in science—for publications including the New York Times, Discover, Natural History, Wired and Scientific American, where she was a long-time writer and editor. She is the author of The Measure of Manhattan, the story of John Randel Jr., the surveyor and inventor who laid the grid plan on New York City, and of the researchers who use his data today (W.W. Norton, 2013); she recently wrote the new introduction to Manhattan in Maps (Dover, 2014).
Holloway is currently working on several innovative digital projects. She and colleagues at Columbia and Stanford universities have a Magic Grant from the Brown Institute for Media Innovation to develop Science Surveyor, an algorithmic tool to improve science journalism. And Holloway and colleagues from Fordham and Brown universities are working on The Templeton Project, a sensor-based effort to chronicle the story of New York City’s rats, which is funded by the Tow Center for Digital Media.
Holloway has a B.A. in comparative literature from Brown University and an M.S. from the journalism school. She won the Distinguished Teacher of the Year award in 2001 and a Presidential Teaching Award in 2009; the New York Observer named her one of the city’s top professors in 2014.
Malia Mason, Gantcher Associate Professor of Business Management, studies how competing motives shape people’s judgments, choices, and behaviors, and the implications for interpersonal interaction and work performance more generally. She teaches the Managerial Negotiations course (B7510) in the MBA and EMBA programs at Columbia Business School, and Leadership in Organizations (W3703) to undergraduates at Columbia College. She occasionally teaches the Research Methods (B9708) course in the Ph.D. program at Columbia Business School. Prior to joining the Columbia University faculty in 2007 as an Assistant Professor, Dr. Mason worked as a Post Doctoral Fellow in Moshe Bar’s lab at the Martinos Brain Imaging Center at Harvard University Medical School. She received her Ph.D. in Psychology from Dartmouth College in 2005 under the tutelage of C. Neil Macrae. She received a B.A. in Psychology from Rice University in 2000. Before pursuing a Ph.D., she worked as a consultant.
Malia Mason is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Larry Abbott is a senior fellow at the Janelia Research Campus. Abbott uses computational modeling and mathematical analysis to study neurons and neural networks. His work draws on analytical techniques and computer simulation to explore how single neurons respond to synaptic inputs, how neurons interact in neural circuits, and how large networks of neurons represent, store and process information. Prior to his work in theoretical neuroscience, Abbott worked as an electrical engineer and then a theoretical particle physicist. He studied physics at Oberlin College, and has a PhD in physics from Brandeis University with postdoctoral work at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center and at CERN. At Janelia, Abbott continues his theoretical studies including work on hippocampal place cells.
Larry Abbott is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Kevin Ochsner directs the Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience (SCAN) Lab at Columbia University, which studies the brain bases of studies emotion, self-control, and person perception. Kevin received a Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard and postdoctoral training at Stanford. He is a recipient of the Young Investigator Award from the Cognitive Neuroscience Society, Columbia University’s Lenfest Distinguished Faculty Award, and the APA New Investigator Award. His research has been funded by grants from private and public institutions, including five different NIH Institutes. Kevin also helped found the Social and Affective Neuroscience Society (SANS), and is a past president of the Society for Affective Science.
Kevin Ochsner is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Kathryn Tabb is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University. She received her M.Phil. from the University of Cambridge and her Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh, both in History and Philosophy of Science, and has an M.A. in Biomedical Ethics and Health Law from the University of Pittsburgh. She works in early modern philosophy (especially philosophy of mind and medicine) as well as in contemporary philosophy of medicine (especially psychiatry). She serves on the steering committees for the Columbia Precision Medicine & Society Initiative and the Center for Research on Ethical, Legal & Social Implications of Psychiatric, Neurologic and Behavioral Sciences. Along with Paul Appelbaum, she is principal investigator on a three-year project investigating intuitions about genetics and virtuous behavior.
Kathryn Tabb is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Jeremy K. Kessler, Associate Professor of Law, is a legal historian whose scholarship focuses on First Amendment law, administrative law, and constitutional law generally. He joined the Columbia Law School faculty in 2015 and is co-director of Columbia University's 20th Century Politics and Society Workshop and Columbia Law School's Legal History Workshop. He also serves on the ABA’s Committee on the History of Administrative Law. Kessler’s forthcoming book, Fortress of Liberty: The Rise and Fall of the Draft and the Remaking of American Law (Harvard), explores how the contested development of the military draft transformed the relationship between civil liberties law and the American administrative state. His articles on First Amendment law, administrative law, constitutional theory, and American legal history have appeared in the Harvard Law Review, the Columbia Law Review, the University of Chicago Law Review, and the Texas Law Review, among other publications. Prior to joining Columbia, Kessler clerked for Judge Pierre N. Leval of the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. Kessler received his J.D. from Yale Law School, where he was a Legal History Fellow and the executive editor of the Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities. He earned an M.Phil. in the history and philosophy of science from the University of Cambridge and a B.A. from Yale College, summa cum laude.
Jeremy K. Kessler is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Jennifer Manly is an Associate Professor of Neuropsychology in Neurology at the Taub Institute for Research in Alzheimer’s Disease and the Aging Brain at Columbia University. Her research focuses on mechanisms of disparities in cognitive aging and Alzheimer’s disease. She received Early Career awards from the Society for Clinical Neuropsychology and from the National Academy of Neuropsychology, received the Tony Wong Diversity Award for Outstanding Mentorship, and is an APA Fellow. She served on the Alzheimer’s Association Medical & Scientific Research Board and the HHS Advisory Council on Alzheimer's Research, Care, and Services.
Jennifer Manly is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Jeffrey Fagan is the Isidor and Seville Sulzbacher Professor of Law at Columbia Law School and Professor of Epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University. He also a Senior Research Scholar at Yale Law School, where he is a frequent visiting professor. He was the founding director of the Center for Violence Research and Prevention at the Mailman School. His research and scholarship examines policing and police reform, the legitimacy of the criminal law, capital punishment, legal socialization of adolescents, neighborhoods and crime, drug policy, and juvenile crime and punishment. His work in each of these areas has focused on the institutional and behavior mechanisms that lead to persistent patterns of racial discrimination. He served on the Committee on Law and Justice of the National Academy of Science from 2000-2006, and served as the Committee’s Vice Chair for the last two years. He served on two National Research Council study committees, on family violence and on policing. From 1996-2006, he was a member of the MacArthur Foundation's Research Network on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice. He was a member of the 2004 National Research Council panel that examined policing in the U.S. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Criminology, and served on its Executive Board for three years. He is past Editor of the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, and serves on the editorial boards of several journals in criminology and law. He was an expert consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice in its investigation of the Ferguson (Missouri) Police Department. He currently is a consultant and expert witness on capital punishment to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.
Jeffrey A. Lieberman, MD, is the Lawrence C. Kolb Professor and Chairman, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; Director, New York State Psychiatric Institute; and Psychiatrist-in-Chief, Columbia University Medical Center of the New York-Presbyterian Hospital. Dr. Lieberman’s work has advanced the understanding of the natural history and pathophysiology of schizophrenia and the pharmacology and clinical effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs.
He is the recipient of many national and international honors and awards, including the Lieber Prize for Schizophrenia Research from the National Association for Research in Schizophrenia and Affective Disorders, the Adolph Meyer Award from the American Psychiatric Association, the Research Award from the National Alliance on Mental Illness, and the Neuroscience Award from the International College of Neuropsychopharmacology.
He is a member of numerous scientific organizations, including the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine. He has authored more than 500 papers and articles published in the scientific literature and written and/or edited ten books on mental illness, psychopharmacology, and psychiatry. In May 2012, Dr. Lieberman was installed as President-elect of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and served as APA President from May 2013 to May 2014.
Jeffrey A. Lieberman is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Geraldine Downey is a professor of psychology in the Department of Psychology. She has a primary interest is the study of personal and status based rejection. In her current work, she is exploring people's expectations of rejection and their impact on the perception of other people's behavior, in anticipation of and following social encounters. Her work has focused on the personality disposition of rejection sensitivity (RS) and on its association with responses to rejection as well as efforts made to prevent it. This line of work has led her to study sensitivity to rejection based on personal, unique characteristics, as well as sensitivity to rejection based on group characteristics such as race and gender. She has sought to investigate the effect of rejection sensitivity on people's behavior by utilizing various techniques including established social cognition paradigms, experimental studies, physiological recordings, brain-imaging and diary studies. Recently, Dr. Downey has been using the knowledge acquired from her research on rejection to develop models of personality and attachment disorders. She has also been interested in the study of identity, specifically on the way in which individuals use their multiple social identities strategically to cope with daily stressors.
George Lewis is the Edwin H. Case Professor of American Music at Columbia University and Area Chair in Composition. A Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy, Lewis’s other honors include a MacArthur Fellowship (2002), a Guggenheim Fellowship (2015), a United States Artists Walker Fellowship (2011), an Alpert Award in the Arts (1999), and fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts.
Lewis studied composition with Muhal Richard Abrams at the AACM School of Music, and trombone with Dean Hey. A member of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) since 1971, Lewis's work in electronic and computer music, computer-based multimedia installations, and notated and improvisative forms is documented on more than 150 recordings. His work has been presented by the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, London Philharmonia Orchestra, Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart, Mivos Quartet, Boston Modern Orchestra Project, London Sinfonietta, Spektral Quartet, Talea Ensemble, Dinosaur Annex, Ensemble Pamplemousse, Wet Ink, Ensemble Erik Satie, Eco Ensemble, and others, with commissions from American Composers Orchestra, International Contemporary Ensemble, Harvestworks, Ensemble Either/Or, Orkestra Futura, Turning Point Ensemble, San Francisco Contemporary Music Players, 2010 Vancouver Cultural Olympiad, IRCAM, Glasgow Improvisers Orchestra, and others.
Lewis has served as Fromm Visiting Professor of Music, Harvard University; Ernest Bloch Visiting Professor of Music, University of California, Berkeley; Paul Fromm Composer in Residence, American Academy in Rome; Resident Scholar, Center for Disciplinary Innovation, University of Chicago; and CAC Fitt Artist in Residence, Brown University. Lewis received the 2012 SEAMUS Award from the Society for Electro-Acoustic Music in the United States, and his book, A Power Stronger Than Itself: The AACM and American Experimental Music (University of Chicago Press, 2008) received the American Book Award and the American Musicological Society’s Music in American Culture Award; Lewis was elected to Honorary Membership in the Society in 2016. Lewis is the co-editor of the two-volume Oxford Handbook of Critical Improvisation Studies (2016), and his opera Afterword (2015), commissioned by the Gray Center for Arts and Inquiry at the University of Chicago, has been performed in the United States, United Kingdom, and the Czech Republic. In 2015, Lewis received the degree of Doctor of Music (DMus, honoris causa) from the University of Edinburgh. In 2017, Lewis received the degree of Doctor of Humane Letters (Ph.D., honoris causa) from New College of Florida.
Eugenia Lean, associate professor (EALAC), received her BA from Stanford University (1990), and her MA (1996) and Ph.D. (2001) from UCLA. She is the author of Public Passions: The Trial of Shi Jianqiao and the Rise of Popular Sympathy in Republican China (UC Press, 2007), which was awarded the 2007 John K. Fairbank prize for the best book in modern East Asian history, given by the American Historical Association. Professor Lean is currently working on the book, “Manufacturing Matters: Chen Diexian, a Chinese Man-of-Letters in an Age of Industrial Capitalism,” which examines the practices and writings of maverick figure Chen Diexian, a professional writer/editor, science enthusiast, and pharmaceutical industrialist. The study aims to explore the intersection among vernacular science, global commerce, and ways of authenticating knowledge and things in an era of mass communication. A third book project focuses on China’s involvement in shaping twentieth-century global regimes of intellectual property rights from trademark infringement to patenting science. It investigates the local vibrant cultures of copying and authenticating in China as well as enquires into how China emerged as the “quintessential copycat” in the modern world. She has received an Institute for Advanced Studies fellowship and a National Endowment of the Humanities fellowship for 2017-2018.
David Rosner is Ronald H. Lauterstein Professor of Sociomedical Sciences and Professor of History at Columbia University and Co-Director of the Center for the History of Public Health at Columbia’s Mailman School of Public Health. An elected member of the National Academy of Medicine, he received his BA from CCNY, his MPH from the University of Massachusetts, and his Ph.D. from Harvard in the History of Science. Until moving to Columbia in 1998, he was University Distinguished Professor of History at the City University of New York.
In addition to numerous grants, he has been a Guggenheim Fellow, a recipient of a Robert Wood Johnson Investigator Award, a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, and a Josiah Macy Fellow. He has been awarded the Distinguished Scholar’s Prize from the City University, the Viseltear Prize for Outstanding Work in the History of Public Health from the APHA, and the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the University of Massachusetts School of Public Health. He has also been honored by the New York Committee on Occupational Safety and Health, and he and Gerald Markowitz have been awarded the Upton Sinclair Memorial Lectureship “For Outstanding Occupational Health, Safety, and Environmental Journalism by the American Industrial Hygiene Association.” He has been awarded the John McGovern Prize from Sigma Xi, the National Science Honors Society, and the “Beyond the Call of Duty” Award from the Childhood Lead Action Project. Most recently, he was awarded a prize for “Outstanding Scholarship on the History of Work and Health,” by the International Commission on Occupational Health, Scientific Committee on the History of Prevention of Occupational and Environmental Disease, and a Congressional Certificate of Appreciation from the offices of U.S. Senator Sheldon Whitehouse. He is on numerous editorial boards including Public health Reports, Journal of Public Health Policy, and the Bulletin of the History of Medicine.
He is an author or co-author (with Gerald Markowitz) on eleven books including A Once Charitable Enterprise: Hospitals and Health Care in New York and Brooklyn (Cambridge University Press), Deadly Dust: Silicosis and the On-going Struggle over Workers’ Safety and Health in 20th Century America (Princeton University Press and University of Michigan Press), Deceit and Denial: The Deadly Politics of Industrial Pollution (University of California Press/Milbank, 2002; 2013) and edited with Susan Reverby Health Care in America: Essays in Social Medicine (Temple, 1978). His latest book is Lead Wars: The Politics of Science and the Fate of America’s Children (University of California Press/Milbank, 2013). Presently, he is writing “Building the Worlds that Kill Us: the Un-Natural History of Disease.”
David Rosner is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
David Freedberg is best known for his work on psychological responses to art, and particularly for his studies on iconoclasm and censorship (see, inter alia, Iconoclasts and their Motives, and The Power of Images: Studies in the History and Theory of Response). His more traditional art historical writing originally centered on Dutch and Flemish art. Within these fields, he specialized in the history of Dutch printmaking, and in the paintings and drawings of Bruegel and Rubens. He then turned his attention to seventeenth-century Roman art and to the paintings of Nicolas Poussin, before moving on to his recent work in the history of science and on the importance of the new cognitive neurosciences for the study of art and its history. Following a series of important discoveries in Windsor Castle, the Institut de France and the archives of the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome, he has for long been concerned with the intersection of art and science in the age of Galileo. While much of his work in this area has been published in articles and catalogues, his chief publication in this area is The Eye of the Lynx: Galileo, his Friends, and the Beginnings of Modern Natural History (2002). As Director of the Italian Academy for Advanced Studies in America, and long committed to cross-disciplinary work in the sciences, anthropology and the arts, he established the Academy’s Art and Neuroscience (later Neuroscience and Humanities) project in 2001. The aim of the project – and of its successful biannual conferences on cutting-edge topics relevant to the understanding of art, music, vision and emotion – has been not to mix fields, but to encourage critical thinking about the methodological and epistemological paradigms underlying each domain. His own work has concentrated on issues of empathy, embodiment and motor responses.
David Freedberg is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Steering Committee.
Darcy Kelley is a professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Columbia University. Her A.B. degree is from Barnard College and her Ph.D. is from The Rockefeller University, where she was also a postdoctoral fellow. She codirected the Neural Systems and Behavior course at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, and founded Columbia’s doctoral program in neurobiology and behavior. She is editor of the journal "Developmental Neurobiology." Her research uses the South African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, to study the neurobiology of social communication, with the goal of determining how one brain communicates with another. Her HHMI project is a Web-based resource that will make educational materials generated in Frontiers of Science (Columbia's new interdisciplinary core course in science) freely available and will provide a platform for college science teachers to share their own teaching approaches and materials and to consult with their colleagues about educational issues.
Darcy Kelley is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Daphna Shohamy is a professor of psychology at Columbia University, a member of the Zuckerman Mind, Brain, Behavior Institute, and of the Kavli Institute for Brain Science. Dr. Shohamy’s research combines brain imaging in healthy humans with studies of patients with brain disorders to understand how our expectations and experiences change the way memories are formed and the consequences for health and disease.
From robots to humans, the ability to learn from experience turns a rigid response system into a flexible, adaptive one. What are the neurobiological and cognitive mechanisms that allow everyday experiences to change the way we perceive, act and make decisions? Daphna Shohamy’s research explores how different parts of the brain work together to support learning, what this means for how memories are built, and what the consequences are for how we make decisions.
Daniel Salzman is Professor of Psychiatry and Neuroscience at Columbia University and Principal Investigator at Columbia's Zuckerman Institute.
RESEARCH: We study the neural mechanisms that give particular sensory stimuli emotional value, leading to emotional behavior. Using the primate visual system as an experimental platform, our basic approach is to conduct neurophysiological experiments in rhesus monkeys performing a variety of tasks involving emotional learning. We generally use conditioning techniques to give otherwise neutral stimuli emotional significance.
We are investigating the physiological responses of amygdala neurons during emotional learning. The amygdala is a limbic brain structure likely to be critical to the process of associating sensory stimuli with emotional values. Simultaneously, we employ quantitative measurements of emotional learning and behavior in the monkey. We are testing the hypothesis that modulations in amygdala neural activity are correlated with the monkeys' emotional learning, behavior, and decision making.
Future studies are planned in three general directions. First, we plan to study how orbitofrontal cortex contributes to emotional learning and behavior on the tasks we employ. Parts of orbitofrontal cortex are intimately connected to the amygdala, and our goal is to understand the distinct processing in these brain areas. Second, we plan to investigate how stimuli in other sensory modalities become associated with emotional value in the amygdala. The amygdala receives input from multiple sensory modalities, and therefore representations of emotional value in the amygdala may exist across sensory modalities, perhaps even in the same cells. Finally, we plan to use pharmacological manipulations to try to understand the critical synaptic mechanisms underlying emotional learning. These experiments may deepen our understanding of psychopharmacology by linking synaptic mechanisms to both neurophysiology and to emotional behavior.
Christopher Peacocke(Vice-Chair) is Johnsonian Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University. He was previously Waynflete Professor of Metaphysical Philosophy at the University of Oxford and held a Leverhulme Personal Research Professorship. He is a Fellow of the British Academy and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has taught at Berkeley, NYU, and UCLA, and has been a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford. He was President of the Mind Association in 1986-7. His books include Sense and Content (Oxford, 1983), Thoughts: An Essay on Content (Blackwell, 1986), A Study of Concepts (MIT, 1992), Being Known (Oxford, 1999), The Realm of Reason (Oxford, 2003), Truly Understood (Oxford, 2008), and The Mirror of the World: Subjects, Consciousness, and Self-Consciousness (Oxford, 2014). He is currently writing a book on the relation between metaphysics, mental representation, and meaning.
Dr. Catherine Monk is a professor of medical psychology in the Department of Psychiatry and the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, director of research at the Women’s Program, co-director of the Domestic Violence Initiative at Columbia University Medical Center, and research scientist at the New York State Psychiatric Institute.
Originally trained as a clinical psychologist treating children and adults in a program that emphasized the developmental bases of psychopathology, Dr. Monk completed her postdoctoral research studies in the Psychobiological Sciences at Columbia University via a NIH fellowship, joining the faculty there a year later. Dr. Monk’s research brings together the fields of perinatal psychiatry, developmental psychobiology, and neuroscience and focuses on the earliest influences on children’s developmental trajectories: those that happen in utero and the impact of early intervention on risk prevention for mental health disorders in the future children.
Dr. Monk is internationally recognized for her contributions to the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Research model, which relate to prenatal exposure to maternal stress and depression. In addition to shared genes and the postnatal environment, there is a third pathway for the familial inheritance of mental illness, that is, factors in the prenatal environment also play a role. Specifically, her studies have identified maternal prenatal depression effects on child outcomes, including variation in fetal behavior, placental DNA methylation, and newborn brain imaging.
Most recently, Dr. Monk has been awarded key roles on the NIH-wide ECHO project, Environmental influences on Children’s Health Outcomes, a seven-year, nationwide effort to study early factors, including women’s prenatal psychiatric illness and trauma histories, on children’s health outcomes across 50,000 participants. She is a PI on one ECHO award, investigator on another, and elected by her peers to a two-year term to the ECHO Executive Committee.
As of December 2018, she is commencing a 5-year NIMH R01 MPI titled “Intergenerational Transmission of Deficits in Self-Regulatory Control.” She continues to direct a NICHD-funded intervention study based on a novel protocol she and colleagues developed harnessing the child focus of the peripartum period, parenting skills, and CBT to help women at risk for depression, it is called “Preventing Postpartum Depression: A Dyadic Approach Adjunctive to Obstetric Care.” Her research has been continuously funded by the National Institutes of Health since she received her first support as a NIH ‘K’ Career Development Awardee in 2001 as well as by the March of Dimes, the Robin Hood Foundation, and Johnson & Johnson.
Carol Mason is Professor of Pathology & Cell Biology, Neuroscience, and Ophthalmology at Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, and has served on the faculty since 1987. She is a member of the Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, where she continues to investigate mechanisms of development of the pathways from eye to the brain. At Columbia, she has served as Co-director of the Neurobiology & Behavior graduate program and the NIH-funded Vision Sciences training program, both of which serve students and faculty in various schools across Columbia’s campuses. Carol is currently Zuckerman Institute Chair of Interschool Planning, to foster faculty and student intellectual interactions, including interdisciplinary recruitment and appointments. She is a Senior Fellow of the Simons Foundation, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a fellow of the National Academy of Medicine. Carol was President of the Society for Neuroscience from 2013 to 2014.
Carol Mason is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Steering Committee.
Carol Becker is Professor of the Arts and Dean of Columbia University School of the Arts. She is author of The Invisible Drama: Women and the Anxiety of Change (Prentice Hall & IBD, 1987); The Subversive Imagination: Artists, Society and Social Responsibility (Routledge, 1994); Zones of Contention: Essays on Art, Institutions, Gender, and Anxiety (State University of New York Press, 1996); Surpassing the Spectacle: Global Transformations and the Changing Politics of Art (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2002); Thinking in Place: Art, Action, and Cultural Production (Paradigm Publishers/Routledge, 2009); and Losing Helen (Red Hen Press, 2016). She is also the author of numerous articles and she travels widely often lecturing on art, artists, and their place in society.
Carol Becker is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Barbara Tversky is a cognitive psychologist, trained mostly at the University of Michigan, with post-docs at Stanford and Oregon. She taught for many years at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and even more years at Stanford, where she is still somewhat active as Emerita Professor of Psychology. She is currently a professor of psychology and education at Columbia Teachers College (and a visiting professor at Malardalen University, Sweden). Her work on memory, categorization, spatial language and thinking, event perception and cognition, diagrammatic reasoning, sketching, design, creativity, visual communication, and gesture has taken her to welcome collaborations with neuroscientists, linguists, philosophers, architects, designers, artists, musicians, as well as computer scientists and domain scientists of many varieties. She has served on many editorial boards, governing boards, and conference committees, both national and international, and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Cognitive Science Society, the Association for Psychological Sciences, the Society of Experimental Psychology and more. She will preside over the Association for Psychological Sciences in 2018-19.
Aniruddha Das is Associate Professor in the Departments of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Biomedical Engineering at Columbia University Medical Center and the Kavli Institute for Brain Science. He received his PhD from Berkeley with Charles Townes, (the inventor of the maser and laser), but decided to pursue his long-standing interest in neurobiology and perception, starting with postdoctoral training with Charles Gilbert at Rockefeller University. Dr. Das’ lab is interested in cortical mechanisms of visual processing. They have two broad areas of research – understanding task-related anticipation in visual cortex, and analyzing the cortical basis of visual form processing. They are also actively involved in developing new recording and analysis techniques for these two research directions.
Aniruddha Das is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Steering Committee.
Andrew Gerber is medical director/CEO of the Austen Riggs Center in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, associate clinical professor at the Child Study Center at Yale University, adjunct associate professor of Psychological & Brain Sciences in the College of Natural Sciences at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and associate clinical professor in the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Columbia University Medical Center. He is the former co-director of the Sackler Parent-Infant Program at Columbia University, former director of the MRI Research Program at the New York State Psychiatric Institute, and former director of research at the Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research.
Dr. Gerber completed a Ph.D. in psychology at the Anna Freud Centre and University College London where he studied with Peter Fonagy and Joseph Sandler, investigating the process and outcome of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy in young adults. He completed his medical and psychiatric training at Harvard Medical School, Cambridge Hospital, and Weill Cornell and Columbia medical schools and his psychoanalytic training at Columbia. He trained as a research fellow with Bradley Peterson at the New York State Psychiatric Institute in brain imaging and child psychiatry. He has published and received grants in the areas of developmental psychopathology, attachment, and functional neuroimaging of dynamic processes, including social cognition and transference. He has also been involved in planning and teaching psychoanalytic research as head of the Science Department at the American Psychoanalytic Association and chair of the Committee on Scientific Activities, secretary of the Psychoanalytic Psychodynamic Research Society, and a member of the psychotherapy research committees of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Andrew Gerber is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Ana Maria Ochoa came to Columbia University in the fall of 2003, having previously worked as researcher at the Colombian Institute of Anthropology and History, as director of Music Archives at the Colombian Ministry of Culture and as a researcher at the Centro Nacional de Investigación y Documentación Musical Carlos Cháves in Mexico. She is currently editor of the Latin American branch of the International Association for the Study of Popular Music, IASPM and member of the editorial board of TRANS, which is the Journal of the Iberian Society for Ethnomusicology (Sociedad Ibérica de Etnomusicología, SIBE). Her research interests lie in traditional Latin American musics and transculturation, music and literature, music and cultural policy and the construction of the popular in Latin America. Her book Aurality: Listening and Knowledge in Nineteenth-Century Colombia (Duke University Press, 2014) was a winner of the 2015 Alan Merriam Prize, presented by the Society for Ethnomusicology.
Alondra Nelson is Dean of Social Science and Professor of Sociology at Columbia University, where she also holds an appointment in the Institute for Research on Women, Gender, and Sexuality. She received her PhD from New York University in 2003. Before coming to Columbia in 2009, she was on the faculty of Yale University. At Yale, she received the Poorvu Award for teaching excellence. Nelson is an interdisciplinary social scientist working on the intersections of science, technology, medicine, and inequality. She is the author of Body and Soul: The Black Panther Party and the Fight against Medical Discrimination (2012) and The Social Life of DNA: Race, Reparations, and Reconciliation after the Genome (2016). Her co-edited works include Technicolor: Race, Technology, and Everyday Life (2001) and Genetics and the Unsettled Past: The Collision of DNA, Race, and History (2012).
Alondra Nelson is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
Alessandra Casella is a professor of Economics and professor of Political Science at Columbia University and founder and director of the Columbia Experimental Lab for Social Science. She is a fellow of the National Bureau of Economic Research (Cambridge), and the Center for Economic Policy Research (London). Casella received her Ph.D. in Economics from MIT in 1989, taught at UC Berkeley before moving to Columbia in 1993, and held the position of Directeur d’ Etudes (temps partiel) at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes in Sciences Sociales (EHESS) (Paris and Marseilles) from 1996 to 2010. Her main research interests are political economy, public economics, and experimental economics. Casella has been the recipient of numerous fellowships: she has been a Straus fellow at the NYU Law School, a Guggenheim fellow, a member of the Institute of Advanced Studies in Princeton, and a Russell Sage fellow. Her book Storable Votes. Protecting the Minority Voice was published by Oxford University Press in 2012.
Alessandra Casella is a member of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience Advisory Committee.
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